Middle East realities out of sync with Western responses

Western military mechanisms, no matter how effective, cannot address basic human needs for legitimate government, physical security or social and economic development.

DND Photo
United States Air Force Academy cadets checking out a Royal Canadian Air Force CF-18 in Kuwait on June 22. Allied air attacks do serve a purpose but won't affect ideological beliefs, argues Michael Bell.
Michael Bell
Published: Monday, 08/10/2015 6:07 pm EDT
Last Updated: Tuesday, 08/11/2015 7:22 pm EDT

The 2011 popular uprisings in the Arab world brought much hope to liberals in the Middle East and their supporters in the West. They forecast that democratic change was imminent. They, however, were mistaken.

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